Masarap na kape nauubos sa climate change

Sa bagong pag-aaral na natuklasan, mayroong epekto ang climate change sa pinakamalaking coffee production sa Africa, na matatagpuan sa Ethiopia.

Mababawasan na ang pag-produce ng speciality coffee at magfo-focus sa bland tasting varieties in the near future.

Ang resulta na ipinublish sa ‘Scientific Reports’ ay may kaugnayan sa maliit na smallholder farmers na mas kumikita sa speciality coffee rather than ordinary coffee.

“Climate change has conflicting impacts on coffee production in Ethiopia. The area that is suitable for average quality coffee might actually increase gradually until the 2090s, according to our computer simulations,” saad ni lead author Abel Chemura from the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK). “Yet more is not necessarily better.

Because on the flip side, the suitable area for high-quality speciality coffee types which are valued for their floral, fruity and spicy notes, will likely shrink if climate change continues unchecked.

This is an issue not just for coffee lovers, but for local agricultural value creation,” dagdag pa niya.

Tiningnan ng mga researchers kung paano nakaapekto ang 19 climatic factors sa pag-cultivate ng five distinct speciality coffee types, kabilang ang mean temperature, annual rainfall levels, and seasonality.

Halimbawa, kapag naging warmer ang temperatura, mas madaling mag-mature ang coffee cherry than the development of the bean, na nagreresulta ng pagbaba ng quality.

Kapag naman nag-increase ang rainfall, in favor naman ito sa coffee production ngunit hindi necessarily beneficial sa individual speciality coffee types.

Ilan sa maapektuhan ng climate change ay ang Yirgacheffe type, isa sa world’s oldest and sought-after coffee types na makikita sa Ethiopia, na mawawalan ng suitable area of producing coffee by the end of 21st century.